Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Essay --

    I am an aficionado of the extreme sports. Today, extreme sports have been accepted by all over the world. In this regard, an increasing number of people are actively participating in extreme sports. They are different from other sports in that it needs not only excellent competitive level, but also a great measure of courage. They have been christened "the game of the brave". I have always likened extreme sports to art, until I fell from the skateboard and realized there are many risks in extrema sports. I try to explore the psychological and sociological factors that form part of the culture of this exciting sport, as well as how the society views those involved in this sport considering its risks. Let me begin by reiterating that an extreme sport is about extreme risks and danger. The activities that constitute extreme sport involved extreme risks that no measure of change in rules can eliminate. Questions continue to arise about such spo rts, whether it is ethical and the society should continue to permit it. By definition, these sports tend to involve an element of great speed, great heights, and a great degree of physical exertion. Some extreme sports that are becoming more common in today’s society include surfing, skateboarding, rock climbing, rafting, and mountain biking among many others. Research continues to study the motivation behind these forms of sport despite the very clear knowledge of the risks and dangers that come as a part of them (Mcnamee 15).     Additionally, people are trying to study the co-relation between these sports and the population that it majorly attracts together with the personality types that have been observed to dominate these sports. This knowledge people suppose will help dr... ... sense as well as an observable quality of personal sameness and continuity, paired with some belief in the sameness and continuity of some shared world image" (Self, et al., 185).     In conclusion, it must be considered that people have personal rights in whatever they choose to. A rule with a moral reason as Amartya Sen calls them. He argues that if there is a moral right to take personal risks, it would be morally wrong to stop a person from taking such a risk (McNamee 47). One of the pertinent problems in relation to voluntary risk taking is whether the risk is reasonable relative to what one wants to achieve. First we need to find a degree of probability of harm or injury as a result of the action. Secondly, we must look at the seriousness of the harm caused. Are extreme sports valuable, are they morally acceptable or should some of them be prohibited by law.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Promoting National Unity in Sri Lanka Through Education

It took three decades of war, ethnic conflict and loss of thousands of lives for Sri Lankans to realize the importance of unity. Sri Lanka now stands in a position where the country is gradually recovering from brutal wounds of war and this is high time for the nation to look into aspects of promoting unity among diverse cultures and ethnic groups to avoid the reoccurrence of such a tragedy. One way of achieving unity among different ethnic groups is through education. Enlightenment of the nation about the importance of unity can only be achieved by educating people.This essay will analyze the ways of achieving unity through education with relation to the Sri Lankan society. Language is a powerful tool which can be used to achieve mutual understanding among cultures. It can also be used to share knowledge. So it is important to break language barriers between people in order to bridge them through communication. As the 20 million population of Sri Lanka consists of people belonging t o diverse ethnic groups where, more than one language is used, it is important to promote a trilingual education system, provided the most widely spoken languages in Sri Lanka being Sinhala, English and Tamil.The learning of all aforementioned languages should be made compulsory at primary level. Education in schools should be offered in all three mediums and the equal importance of these languages should be emphasized. The adaptation of a trilingual policy in education will facilitate the access to cultural texts and knowledge and promote unity through interactions between students where, mutual understanding can be achieved. Equal importance to all the cultures should be given and students should be educated to respect the customs and traditions of other cultures and religions or racial groups.Once steps are taken to break the language barrier, interactions between students from all parts of the country should be promoted. This could be done through extracurricular activities such as organizing cultural festivals and organizing field trips where students from the North can visit schools in the south and vice versa. Also schools could work together on joint ventures or projects where students will get opportunities to make new friends. The system of schools around the country should be linked to acilitate the knowledge sharing g process and this could be done through the implementation of a common platform, for an example as a social network among schools for sharing ideas and knowledge. National coherence will be achieved through interaction of cultures and this will promote national unity. The education system should be reformed to promote divergent thinking and it is important to change the attitudes of students from the contemporary social views of attributing a person to a specific nationality (Sinhalese, Muslim or Tamil) to attributing people to the common nationality of Sri Lankan.This should be taught at the school level so that future generations wil l hopefully have a different but positive attitude towards other cultures besides their culture. Promotion of learning cultural studies and peace and conflict studies as a linked subject at secondary and tertiary levels where students will be given transfer scholarships to different areas of the country to study about culture and traditions of a particular ethnic group and also be given opportunity to study and research about post conflict consequences.Creation of a platform for tertiary level students to present findings from their researches to help the process of national decision making, this can be achieved by creating partnerships with state universities and the assistance of university academics can also be used in national policy making with regards to reconciliation.In my opinion, the above four factors, Adopting a trilingual policy and Promotion of learning cultural studies and peace and conflict studies as a linked subject at secondary and tertiary levels interactions amo ng students, promoting the concept of a common nationality and are the most important to be considered when achieving national unity through education. Concentrating on the significance of two of the above factors in achieving national development, the adaptation of a trilingual policy plays key role in this narrative.As unity is promoted through mutual understanding, individuals can unite and work together towards attaining national development. Since equal significance will be given to all the nationalities and thereby language and cultural disputes will be solved and the reoccurrence of a tragedy such as the ethnic conflict which crippled the Sri Lankan economy will not take place.Peace is the most important factor to achieve national development, for a war torn country, achieving economic stability would be a mere dream. As for the importance of interactions between people for national development, it can be stated that greater interaction between diverse groups of people facili tates the process of sharing knowledge in different cultures. This knowledge can be used to develop modern technologies and sciences.Knowledge and the creation of intellectuals who are nourished with rich cultural knowledge can help develop innovations and policies that will help the country achieve economic growth and stability. In conclusion it is to be understood that when considering the above factors, giving equal significance to all ethnic groups, adopting a trilingual policy and developing people to people contacts is important to achieve national unity and national development. As a saying goes, ‘United, we stand, Divided we fall’.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

E Commerce A New And Improved Way Of Shopping Essay

The internet has been a revolutionary technological advancement and has introduced innovative processes which have changed the lifestyles of people around the world. The internet is a leading example of how information and communication technologies can contribute to economic growth - this is credited to a concept commonly referred to as e-commerce - a new and improved way of shopping (Wang, 2010). E-commerce connects consumers to their favorite products and stores from around the world from the comfort of their own homes - this entails greater accessibility, increased comfort and a diverse range of products from a variety of different shops to choose from. One particular example of an e-commerce organization that has grown immensely in the last decade is Amazon.com. Amazon, founded in 1994, is the world’s leading online retail store – accounting for 60 percent of US online sales in 2015 alone - Amazon.com has become the most recognized e-commerce retailers in the world (Garcia, 2016). The rapid growth of Amazon.com has radically transformed the economic landscape by creating a global marketplace, affected local businesses around the globe and by changing the way businesses and consumers interact; all of these changes brought on by e-commerce are imperative to the socio-economic success of organizations and businesses around the world. E-commerce has changed the economic playing field between businesses. Businesses are no longer primarily concerned with familiarShow MoreRelatedHow Technology Has Made Brick And Mortar Markets1435 Words   |  6 Pagestheir own e-commerce branch of their company to help them stay in the race with the advancement in technology. An example that stands out to me is the well-known retail store Target. Target has not only created a way for their customers to buy products on line, but they have also developed an application for their frequent shoppers, a debit card for Target lovers that want to save 5% instantly, and recently an online service to order products for pick up in-store. Before explaining all the e-commerceRead MoreDigital Revolution : E Commerce1145 Words   |  5 Pages3.The Digital revolution: E-commerce The internet is being developed rapidly since last two decades, and with relevant digital economy that is driven by information technology also being developed worldwide. After a long term development of internet, which rapidly increased web users and highly speed internet connection, and some new technology also have been developed and used for web developing, those lead to firms can promote and enhance images of product and services through web site. (ArjunRead MoreImpact Of Internet On Modern Business1699 Words   |  7 Pagesbefore internet came and made all those processes easier. Internet connects the people all around the world and plays an important role in the development of those aspects. This development also affected the way people use the internet in their daily activities, especially in the online shopping behavior. The objective of this paper is to observe and analyze the internet impacts on modern business presented in the three articles attached. This paper specific ally written to examine the effects of internetRead MoreThe Role Of Social Media On Global E Commerce1507 Words   |  7 PagesThe Role of Social Media in Global e-Commerce Name Affiliated Institution E-commerce is short for electronic commerce where the participants (companies) trade their products and services using computer networks. The buyers and sellers can use platforms like mobile commerce, electronic funds transfer, supply chain management, online transaction processing, data collection, internet marketing, electronic data interchange and inventory management systems. Currently, most of these transactions have takenRead MoreAdvantages And Disadvantages Of E-Commerce899 Words   |  4 Pagesundergone a revolutionary reform in industry, changing the manufacturing sector and trading methods in China. It has brought new opportunities and challenges to traditional physical industries. Digital electronic products have accelerated the popularity of the network and changed consumer behaviour. According to Statista - The Statistics Portal the Penetration rate of online shopping in China from 2006 to 2016 was rising every year, the statistic shows around 28.1 percent of internet u sers in China hadRead MoreHow Has E Commerce Changed The Way The World Operates?1407 Words   |  6 PagesStrickler WRTC 100 Research Paper December 2, 2015 How has E-Commerce changed the way the world operates? Electronic commerce (E-Commerce) is a term for the process of buying, selling, transferring, or exchanging products, services, or information via computer networks, including the Internet. Today, people frequently buy or exchange goods and services internationally; the barrier between countries has been removed. It is true that E-commerce makes people’s lives more convenient; however, it has alsoRead MoreImportance of E-commerce in Modern Business1176 Words   |  5 PagesTable of Contents Definition and types of E-commerce 3 E-commerce payment systems 3-4 Importance of E-commerce in modern business 3 Conclusion 7 Recommendation 7 References 8 E-Commerce refers to the buying and selling of products and services over electronic systems like the internet and other computer networks. This system depends on technologies like electronic funds transfer, supply chain management, internet marketing, online transactionsRead MoreInternal Analysis : The Boston Group Matrix1560 Words   |  7 Pagespersonal level. Customers can contact Wal-Mart in store, on the website, or on their mobile devices. Walmart has recently opened up an RD center in India that is designed to â€Å"develop its next generation of innovations that impact shopping behavior and global e-commerce business† (Cuccureddu). It is unclear how much Walmart spends on their RD. WalmartLabs’ RD activities are focused on helping customers find the exact location of a product in any of the Walmart stores, and using technology to helpRead MoreBusiness Models in Ecom1049 Words   |  5 PagesOverview Lecture 2 E-Commerce Business Models Boriana Koleva bnk@cs.nott.ac.uk C54 Key components of e-commerce business models Major B2C business models Major B2B business models Business models in other emerging areas of e-commerce Benefits and Problems with E-Commerce E-commerce Business Models Business model – set of planned activities designed to result in a profit in a marketplace Business plan – document that describes a firm’s business model E-commerce business model – aims to use andRead MoreInternet Based Marketing And Ordinary Marketing Essay1425 Words   |  6 Pagesbusinesses to adopt new technologies in order to be competitive. The main difference between internet based marketing and ordinary marketing is that the internet is founded on abundance while the real world business is based on scarcity. The introduction of internet based business or electronic commerce offers vast and unique opportunities to businesses which are able to compete in the same level with every other business. Internet marketing Commonly referred to as e-commerce, internet based marketing

Friday, December 27, 2019

Children and Family Essay (Social Work) Free Essay Example, 2000 words

Running Head: CHILDREN AND FAMILY CARE Within the summary section, it is inherent to acknowledge the fact that young people and parents experience various hitches in their relationship at a given household setting. According to O’Byrne and Milner (2009), interrelatedness between parents and children plays a significant role in a minor’s development into adulthood. Family units usually work as a system whereby various parties and social aspect interact with each other in order to provide a stable environment for child support. In some instances, parents may possess character traits that affect their role of discharging parenting responsibilities to their minors. O’Byrne and Milner (2009) says that as a social worker, analysis of practical situations leads to development of objective understanding on the nature of environments where children develop within any given family setting. In this context, the essay focus on the nature of nurture within a subject teenage daughter named Tara, within an unfavorable household setting with her mother Gina. The social work assessment in this context provided a detailed analysis of actual happenings within a dysfunctional family setting. We will write a custom essay sample on Children and Family Essay (Social Work) or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now Tara features as the main subject through which one can get to appreciate importance of essential child needs during development period. The problem in subject started when Gina’s parents separated when 14 years after Gina’s birth. As a result, Gina started embracing negative habits within her society. In the process, she started experimenting on alcohol and other drugs. Consequently, poor self control attributed to intense drug abuse translated into negative sexual behaviors. At this juncture, a series of undesirable events manifested in Gina’s life including child birth at age of 19 years, confession of her unapproved sexuality, mental breakdown caused by excessive depression and finally getting her second child out of a one night stand. Gina is a heavy drinker who spends a substantial amount of money on alcohol and other drugs. In the long run, lack of responsibility as a parent presents difficulties to her daughter Tara as a young teenager needing family support and assurance of social stability. Relevant social care authorities have tried to engage their efforts into mitigating Gina’s problems as a mother. However, Gina remains introverted and could choose to keep her own problems as private matters. Based on the core assessment report, it is evident that Tara has various necessities as a child undergoing teenage growth.

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Ragtime - 1747 Words

Up until the late 1900#8217;s, the American populace on the whole had assumed a very optimistic view of American history. Glossing over disgraceful events, emphasizing the brighter points in our history, our culture has attempted to ignore the obvious fact that we have had, and still have, our fair share of problems. In Ragtime, E.L. Doctorow unabashedly exposes some of the worst aspects of American life in our more recent history. Doctorow doesn#8217;t hold back anything, providing detailed examples of human cruelty and sacrifice, and the evolution of American society. While critiquing American society was not the sole purpose of his novel, Doctorow does expose and examine many issues that people tended to ignore like the†¦show more content†¦They drank. They raped their own daughters. They killed each other casually.#8221; (13) Father#8217;s unnerving brush with poverty leaves him stricken with hopelessness and a feeling of despair. Yet even then, the family had n ot witnessed the full truth of the lives of the impoverished immigrants. Doctorow then proceeds to describe in harsh, uncensored terms the reality of the situation. Doctorow#8217;s disgust with American society was exemplified through this harsh examination of the life of immigrants. Another issue that comes up in the novel as an issue that deserves addressing, is that of racism. America has always been a sort of beacon to the oppressed peoples of the world, and in serving that role has accepted immigrants from all across the globe. Many people have said that America is a nation of immigrants, since virtually all of her citizens have a lineage that did not originate here. Therefore, one would think that since America is composed of such a racially diverse population that racism would not be such a problem. The people would have recognized that they are all part of #8220;a crazy quilt of humanity!#8221; (16) as Jacob Riis referred to his color-coded map for the ethnic division s in Manhattan. But the truth is that racism still existed, indeed, it was much more of a prominent issue in this country. There was racism towards immigrants, towards blacks, towards the Irish, there was racism from the Irish to otherShow MoreRelatedRagtime by E.L. Doctorow1502 Words   |  6 Pagesspeed.† E.L. Doctorow’s novel Ragtime, which has been adapted into a stage production as well, stands as an example of precisely this sort of text. There is the question of the association of the cultural, historical, and fictional characteristics of Ragtime that critic Brian Roberts has called the â€Å"central metaphor† of the novel. When put together with the cohesive historical narrative within the novel, the discussion reveals the ways in which Doctorow uses Ragtime to perform a work that mirrorsRead MoreThe Ragtime And The Blues1184 Words   |  5 PagesBoth ragtime and the blues were essential and influential in their contributions to the development of ja zz. Together, they served as the primary predecessors to the later, more complicated genre. Key elements from each brand are incorporated and mixed to create jazz. Without the creative geniuses of ragtime such as Scott Jopin and James Reese Europe and Blues propagators W.C. Hady and Robert Johnson, the distinctive genre of jazz would not have emerged. Ragtime and blues are both unique in theirRead MoreRagtime American Dream1476 Words   |  6 PagesE.L. Doctorow’s novel Ragtime is a story involving certain characters, each trying to find his or her place in America. Doctorow focus’s on many themes throughout the novel, however, one theme that he gives to the reader from the very beginning of the novel is the American dream. Many characters throughout the novel individually take diverse journeys in order to fulfill what they might describe as â€Å"The American Dream.† Throughout Ragtime several characters venture upon momentous journeys whetherRead More J.P. Mo rgan and Ragtime Essay1244 Words   |  5 Pages John Pierpont Morgan: The turn of the century in American, when E.L. Doctorow’s novel Ragtime is set, was a time marked by rapid technological developments and industrialization. These years also brought a heavy flood of immigrants as well as an increasingly urban American landscape. Technological advancements enabled increased efficiency and mass production. However, Doctorow clearly brings into question the consequences of this new technology for the average American worker. J.P. Morgans discussionRead MoreThe Progressive Era of American History Illustrated in the Novel, Ragtime 1063 Words   |  5 PagesThe turn of the century in America introduced new inventions, new lifestyles, and new cultures. This time was called the â€Å"progressive era†. The cities were bustling and new amazements came every day. The storyline and the characters in the novel, Ragtime, represent the changes of this time period. From Emma Goldman, to mother, to Evelyn Nesbit, all people and their lives evolved in this period. Emma Goldman, an anarchist, fought for freedom in all aspects of life. Mother became the head of the familyRead MoreThe Entertainer Analysis Essay752 Words   |  4 PagesJazz compositions and was known as the â€Å"King of Ragtime. During his brief career, Joplin wrote 44 original ragtime pieces, one ragtime ballet, and two operas. One of his most well known and popular pieces today is The entertainer which has gone down as one of the all time classics of ragtime and indeed in Jazz. The entertainer was written in 1902 while Scott Joplin was in St Louis and was intended as a moderately paced dance tune. Although ragtime wasn’t particularly popular at the time the entertainerRead MoreIntertextuality In Ragtime1466 Words   |  6 Pagesreferences, It use can be implemented to reflect a period of history. This study aims to reveal and present the intertextual relations that Ragtime presents to America’s history during the early 20th century. The aim of this segment will be to show the use of intertextuality to reveal Doctorow’s intention in citing historical characters and events history within Ragtime, juxtaposing them with the fictitious world of the story. First and foremost, Ragtime’s intertextual material and connections are placedRead More Scott Joplin Essay1053 Words   |  5 Pages Scott Joplin (1868-1917) Scott Joplin, commonly known as the quot;King of Ragtimequot; music, was born on November 24, 1868, in Bowie County, Texas near Linden. Joplin came from a large musical family. His father, Giles Joplin was a musician who had fiddled dance music while serving as a slave at his masters parties. His mother, Florence Givens Joplin, born free and out of slavery, sang and played the banjo, and four of his brothers and sisters either sang or played strings. Joplins talentRead MoreAnalysis Of The Of Ragtime 1734 Words   |  7 PagesSocialism in America E3 Argumentative essay Sonia Rani 3/17/2017 Ragtime is an interesting depiction of cultural and political change. It can be argued that the story is not just a reflection of the events in the 20th Century but the novel reflects the events that continue to happen until today in socialism. For instance, the novel gives a glimpse of the kind of life experienced by many African Americans. They were victimized by the society and the persons in authority refuse to help them. EvenRead MoreWho is Scott Joplin?536 Words   |  2 PagesJoplin would teach students the piano, who would later end up being future ragtime composers, which included Scott Hayden. In 1899, Joplin married Belle the sister-in-law of Scott Hayden. Unconfirmed stories tell that he started his career in music in the 1880’s and traveled to St. Louis, which was becoming a major center of Ragtime. He would play in bars and dance halls, where new musical forms were begin to for the basis of ragtime. Joplin played was the lead cornet in a band in Chicago in 1893 during

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Information Governance

Question: Discuss about theInformation Governance. Answer: Introduction: Due to changes occurring in technical environment and globalisation of business environment, almost every organisation needs to focus on the management of information through use of highly advanced DBMS and information processing software. The governance of information is important for the firms to manage the information and data base of an organization in a way that comply with future regulatory, legal, risk, environmental and operational requirements (Guetat and Dakhli, 2015). In this concern, the report critically discusses two journal articles related to the information governance. One of the articles is Guetat and Dakhli (2015) and the second article is Wu, Straub and Liang (2015). Analysis Guetat and Dakhli (2015) provide that many researchers use information governance and data governance interchangeably. The companies need effective information governance system to achieve competitive advantages in the market. Guetat and Dakhli (2015) define the information governance as the set of rights and responsibilities of an organization that are related to the management of data as the assets of the firm. But, on the other hand, Wu, Straub and Liang (2015) describe that information governance plays an important role in business success, because it effectively impacts on the value generated by the investment in IT. Information governance helps the companies to provide required information and data related to the particular situation in quick time. Further, Guetat and Dakhli (2015) provide that information governance provides accountability framework, which helps the firms for setting basic principles, rules, management structure, and management methods for accessing the required information. At the same time, it is also analysed that firms have to set and follow effective information governance for meeting legal, ethical, economic and political requirements provided by the government of country, in which they operate (Baesens et al., 2014). Companies need to establish better and effective information governance system that can spread the information throughout the organisation. Similarly, Wu, Straub and Liang (2015) describe that information governance is a critical element for success of todays organisations, as it supports them to enhance their performance and achieve competitive advantages. Through use of effective information governance, firms can develop their IT strategies, which help the firms to make the effective relationship between IS strategy and business goals. But, at the same time, Wu, Straub and Liang (2015) also exhibit that IT governance impacts on the IS strategic alignment. The researchers used Resource-Based View (RBV) to define this impact. Due to the control of the board of IT governance, executive and IT managers are enabled to implement the IT strategies in better ways to provide benefits to the entire organisation. Guetat and Dakhli (2015) confirm Wu, Straub and Liang (2015) findings by pointing out that information governance has wider scope in the organisations in terms of making the business and market strategies and managing these strategies in different business departments. But, at the same time, Guetat and Dakhli (2015) describe that information governance is not independent of corporate governance. Through the combination of corporate governance and IT governance, IT department effectively manages the information. In the other words, it is analysed that information governance is a part of the corporate governance, which allows the IT department to manage the information assets significantly. Wu, Straub and Liang (2015) focus on the IT governance mechanisms in order to enhance the effectiveness of IT governance. In this, the researchers described that it is essential for the IT department to communicate IT policies throughout the firm. For this, the use of communication approach can be effective for the IT and business executives to communicate and make sure that their roles and responsibilities are clearly understood by everyone. At the same time, Wu, Straub and Liang (2015) exhibit a formal process of IS strategic planning, which consists of the three steps. In the first step, CIO needs to understand the business needs then, CIO and TMT need to reach common goals and objectives through better organisational planning and after that needs to facilitate the better alignment of IS strategy with the business strategy (Hermalin and Weisbach, 2012). This process helps the firm to develop and implement better IS strategies to provide better growth to the firm. From the study of Guetat and Dakhli (2015), it is analysed that urbanised information system governance plays an important role in the information governance planning for improving the content of IS planning. They believed that an organisations information assets are divided into many information areas such as business administration, product administration, business intelligence, shared information, party management, and inbound/outbound flows management (De Haes et al., 2013). These areas help the IT department to collect the information and develop an effective IS planning process to provide benefits to the firm. From the research articles, it is also analysed that there are various drivers for promoting the IS strategies in an organization such as IT governance structure, process and communication. These drivers help the firm and IT department to make an effective IS strategic alignment. These drives also help in establishing better communication linkage between corporate-level management and IT executives to share information and to develop the effective IS planning to achieve competitive advantages in the market. In similar way, Guetat and Dakhli (2015) facilitated an information architecture model to access, manage, security and integrity of information across the organisation. This model has three layers for information access and management such as access and usage layer, a content layer, and infrastructure layer. This model helps the firms to design the information contents and communicate them to different stakeholders to maintain the integrity of different decisions in the organisati on. The information architecture model presented by Guetat and Dakhli (2015) is as follow: Figure 1: Information Architecture Model (Source: Guetat and Dakhli, 2015) It is analysed that the above listed eleven architectural dimensions help the firms to gather, access and govern the information with the support of standards and rules, which are set by the information system architecture blueprints and guidelines. In the similar way, Wu, Straub and Liang (2015) exhibit the process of constructing the IT governance mechanism by focusing on the three main elements such as structure, process and communication approach. These three elements help the firms to develop the effective IT governance practices through integrating the business and IT goals significantly. Conclusion From the above discussion, it can be concluded that information governance is one of the critical elements for success of an organisations, but it needs much consideration of organizational policies, infrastructure and mechanisms. Information governance and IT governance are two different terms but, information governance needs effective IT system to gather the information and communicate this information to the related departments (Reuer et al., 2013). IT governance is effective in enhancing organisational values and achieving guidance on the strategic alignment of IT governance to improve the organisational performance. It can also be concluded that the IT governance structure, process and communication are key drivers that promote the effective and strategic IS alignment by establishing linkage between top management, executives and corporate-level business. Due to this, effective strategic information system is required throughout the organisation for efficient governance of business information. References Baesens, B., Bapna, R., Marsden, J.R., Vanthienen, J. and Zhao, J.L. (2014) Transformational issues of big data and analytics in networked business. MIS quarterly, 38(2), pp. 629-631. De Haes, S., Van Grembergen, W. and Debreceny, R.S. (2013) COBIT 5 and enterprise governance of information technology: Building blocks and research opportunities. Journal of Information Systems, 27(1), pp. 307-324. Guetat, S. B. A. and Dakhli, S. B. D. (2015) The Architecture Facet of Information Governance: The Case of Urbanized Information Systems. Procedia Computer Science, 64, pp. 1088-1098. Hermalin, B.E. and Weisbach, M.S. (2012) Information disclosure and corporate governance. The Journal of Finance, 67(1), pp. 195-233. Reuer, J.J., Tong, T.W., Tyler, B.B. and Ario, A. (2013) Executive preferences for governance modes and exchange partners: An information economics perspective. Strategic Management Journal, 34(9), pp. 1104-1122. Wu, S. P., Straub, D. W. and Liang, T. P. (2015) How Information Technology Governance Mechanisms and Strategic Alignment Influence Organizational Performance: Insights From a Matched Survey of Business and IT Managers. MIS Quarterly, 39 (2), pp. 497-518.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

What Makes Daca Recipients Example For Students

What Makes Daca Recipients? What makes DACA recipients deserve to stay in the country permanently? In the section I, the reasons to get US citizenship were numbered and basically what the laws of the new country evaluated was the length of the permanency in the country and the type of relationship the newcomers had with the country. It basically encircles two approaches: affiliation and territorial personhood or jurisdiction. In section II, the eligibility and the early achievements of DACA are provided as a proof of positive change with responsibility that are allowing these young people to be part of American society by participating actively in the market. In section III, we get back to the two main approaches that US government has been using to determining if a foreigner has strong ties to the country. To this end, theoretical and legal approaches on affiliation and jurisdiction will be developed accordingly. A. Connections to Country: Affiliate-based approach We will write a custom essay on What Makes Daca Recipients? specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now The definition of affiliation may be very broad in its context. In its legal definition, affiliation is linked to association and connection . The meaning that really interests us in order to know what really connects people to each other is found in the theory of mind. Seyfarth and Cheney stated that â€Å"empathy and affiliation help individuals to form and maintain social bonds, and these bonds promote fitness. . On other words, â€Å"a variety of evidence suggests that reflexive empathy and imitation in†¦humans†¦have evolved because they promote affiliation and social bonding.† This definition can answer the questions of why some newcomers develop quickly strong bonding with a new country based on empathy and affiliation. Hiroshi Motomura has described â€Å"immigration as affiliation† as â€Å"the view that the treatment of lawful immigrants and other noncitizens should depend on the ties that they have formed in this country.† The affiliation-based approach, as Motomura explained, â€Å"reflects two strong intuitions, which combine to explain why immigration as affiliation has persuasive power. One of these intuitions is that coming to America is not a stark moment of choice on the immigrant’s part or a sudden acceptance on her new country’s part. Instead, it is a gradual decline in a newcomer’s attachment to her former country as part of an incremental process in which her life’s center of gravity shifts to the United States. Immigration as affiliation recognizes this change in an immigrant’s life.† The second intuition also â€Å"reflects†¦that in this world of nation-states, it is an essential part of personal identity to belong to one of them, and that belonging is principally a matter of social connections.† Joseph Carens’s arguments on unauthorized immigrants to get for amnesty stated: â€Å"there is something deeply wrong in forcing people to leave a place where they lived for a long time. Most people form their deepest human connections where they live-it becomes their home†Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ â€Å"People who lived and work and raise their families in a society become members, whatever their legal status. That is why we find it hard to expel them when they are discovered.† This argument emphasizes affiliation people have with the place they raise and live for a long time. Is there here a right for them to stay permanently in that territory? David Miller, a prominent philosophy scholar, in his book â€Å"On Nationality† emphasizes the importance of ties (affiliation) to the nation that are worthy to quote here. He stated that communities are bound together by â€Å"natural sentiments† which develops a national identity on individuals; this distinctive about national identity is what Milles defines as requirement to national character: â€Å"it requires that the people who share it have something in common, a set of characteristics that in the past was often referred to as ‘national character’, but which I prefer to describe as a common public culture.† This definition may anyone think about why two people from the same country if they meet abroad connected quickly even if they never knew each other or went to the other’s hometown. Klingsberg stated that an excludable alien has â€Å"little to lose in the admissions process because they have yet to established meaningful ties to this country. In words of Klingsberg, an excludable alien refers to any alien participating in an immigration process and not yet legally considered to have entered the country.† And an alien that has entered the country refers to any alien that has been admitted lawfully under INA or has physically come into the country unlawfully by evading the admission process. In other words, the odds for any alien who does not have meaningful ties to the country are lower than any alien who already entered the country either lawfully or unlawfully due to the meaningful ties that the latter has developed during his stay in the country. None alien from the first group may invoke affiliation-based approach because there is not any existing tie wherein support his claims. .u7e97e5f648a8905b452cf89a9c950958 , .u7e97e5f648a8905b452cf89a9c950958 .postImageUrl , .u7e97e5f648a8905b452cf89a9c950958 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u7e97e5f648a8905b452cf89a9c950958 , .u7e97e5f648a8905b452cf89a9c950958:hover , .u7e97e5f648a8905b452cf89a9c950958:visited , .u7e97e5f648a8905b452cf89a9c950958:active { border:0!important; } .u7e97e5f648a8905b452cf89a9c950958 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u7e97e5f648a8905b452cf89a9c950958 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u7e97e5f648a8905b452cf89a9c950958:active , .u7e97e5f648a8905b452cf89a9c950958:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u7e97e5f648a8905b452cf89a9c950958 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u7e97e5f648a8905b452cf89a9c950958 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u7e97e5f648a8905b452cf89a9c950958 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u7e97e5f648a8905b452cf89a9c950958 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u7e97e5f648a8905b452cf89a9c950958:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u7e97e5f648a8905b452cf89a9c950958 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u7e97e5f648a8905b452cf89a9c950958 .u7e97e5f648a8905b452cf89a9c950958-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u7e97e5f648a8905b452cf89a9c950958:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Should Undocumented Immigrants Be Legal?This is as part of Entry doctrine developed in his article. He stated that â€Å"in developing the range of substantive rights protected by the due process clause, courts have constantly held that there is no inherent right to enter the United States. This ‘entry doctrine’ has serious consequences for excludable aliens.† What does the Court state in regard to this approach? Under United Stated Ex Rel Knauff v. Shaughnessy , the petitioner was a war bride that sought review of a decision of the Second Circuit which upheld Attorney General that her entry into the country would be prejudicial to the security and safe of the country. The petitioner was a German national that got married an American soldier after the end of the WWII. She had worked for the U.S. War department in Germany and her behavior was rated very well. The Court stated that â€Å"an alien who seeks admission to this country may not do so under any claim or right.† Under Entry doctrine, Shaughnessy had little to lose in the admissions process due to her little ties to country. Even when she was married an American soldier, Attorney General considered her ties was not enough for her entry and naturalization. The Court went beyond and stated that â€Å"aside from the enumerated relaxations of the immigration laws she must be treated as any other alien seeking for admission.† Under Landon v. Plasencia , the Court stated that initial admission to the United States does not render constitutional rights to the alien for the power to admit and exclude them; however, â€Å"once an alien gains admission to our country and begins to develop the ties that go with permanent residence his constitutional status changes accordingly.† There is no doubt that alien within US territory has more constitutional rights literally speaking than alien seeking admission into the country. B. â€Å"within juridisdiciton†: Equal Protection to Aliens Regardless of Their Current Statues People wonder if an alien by not being a US citizen has any right under the US constitution and if they should claim for those rights like any American citizen. The fourteenth Amendment states that â€Å"†¦nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.† Both Constitutional doctrine and US Supreme Court rulings have stated that aliens are protected regardless of their immigration status by the US Constitution like any other US citizen. What is jurisdiction? It is the question that emerges straight away. The meaning of jurisdiction is broad and many times national and international doctrines are interwoven to each other to define the meaning. Under the Restatement (Third) of the Foreign Relations Law of the United States, jurisdiction is divided into three categories: jurisdiction to prescribe, which means the ability of a country to make its law applicable to persons, conduct, relations, or interests; jurisdiction to adjudicate, which means country’s ability to subject persons or things to the process of its courts or administrative tribunals; jurisdiction to enforce, which means the ability of a country to induce or compel compliance or to punish noncompliance with its laws and regulations. Does any alien regardless of their immigration status fit in all or any of those descriptions? Yes, they do. Olivas, in his article regarding Plyler, stated that the protection to unlawful immigrants is subject to the Equal Protection clause since immigrant was within the jurisdiction of the fourteenth amendment: â€Å"equal protection applied to the undocumented in such an instance.† †¦ â€Å"The Supreme Court had long held that aliens are persons for purposes of the Fourteenth Amendment, and that undocumented aliens are protected by the due process provision of the Fifth Amendment.† .u622c746c226d1853a2bd7c0fa60e48b0 , .u622c746c226d1853a2bd7c0fa60e48b0 .postImageUrl , .u622c746c226d1853a2bd7c0fa60e48b0 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u622c746c226d1853a2bd7c0fa60e48b0 , .u622c746c226d1853a2bd7c0fa60e48b0:hover , .u622c746c226d1853a2bd7c0fa60e48b0:visited , .u622c746c226d1853a2bd7c0fa60e48b0:active { border:0!important; } .u622c746c226d1853a2bd7c0fa60e48b0 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u622c746c226d1853a2bd7c0fa60e48b0 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u622c746c226d1853a2bd7c0fa60e48b0:active , .u622c746c226d1853a2bd7c0fa60e48b0:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u622c746c226d1853a2bd7c0fa60e48b0 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u622c746c226d1853a2bd7c0fa60e48b0 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u622c746c226d1853a2bd7c0fa60e48b0 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u622c746c226d1853a2bd7c0fa60e48b0 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u622c746c226d1853a2bd7c0fa60e48b0:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u622c746c226d1853a2bd7c0fa60e48b0 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u622c746c226d1853a2bd7c0fa60e48b0 .u622c746c226d1853a2bd7c0fa60e48b0-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u622c746c226d1853a2bd7c0fa60e48b0:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Illegal Immigrants Have Migrated Into Theu.s For Many YearsA question arises in the direction on why a state should guarantee constitutional rights to aliens and even more to undocumented aliens. Carens answers this citing Nozick that â€Å"the states has no rights to do anything other than enforce the rights which individuals already enjoy in the state of nature. Citizenship gives rise to no distinctive claim. The state is obliged to protect the rights of citizens and noncitizens equally because it enjoys a de facto monopoly over the enforcement of rights within its territory.† Wyatt stated that â€Å"due process is the simple notion that the Constitution requires governmental procedures to be fundamentally fair before a person may be deprived of liberty or property.† Massaro and Sullivan stated that â€Å"when an alien has entered the United States, even though illegal means, he may be expelled only after proceedings conforming to traditional standards of fairness encompassed in due process of law.† The Court stated that in Plyler that â€Å"use of the phrase ‘within its jurisdiction’ confirms the understanding that the fourteenth amendment’s protection extends to anyone, citizen or stranger who is subject to the laws of the state, and reaches into every corner of a state’s territory.† Under Yick Wo v. Hopkins , the plaintiff who was a Chinese national who resided in San Francisco, California since 1861 challenged a local regulation which sought to prohibit laundry businesses in the specific way that Chinese residents usually were involved in. The local norm was considered by the Court unlawfully and discriminatory. The Court stated that such local ordinance violated Yick’s constitutional rights under the Fourteenth Amendment denying him his rights under the Equal Protection clause. The Court stated: â€Å"The fourteenth amendment to the constitution is not confined to the protection of citizens. It says: ‘Nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.’ These provisions are universal in their application, to all persons within the territorial jurisdiction, without regard to any differences of race, of color, or of nationality; and the equal protection of the laws is a pledge of the protection of equal laws.† (Italics added). Under Wing, the Court stated that â€Å"These provisious are universal in their application to all persons within the territorial jurisdiction, without regard to any differences of race, of color, or nationality; and the equal protection of the laws is a pledge of the protection of equal laws. Applying this reasoning to the fifth and sixth amendments, it must be concluded that all persons within the territory of the United States are entitled to the protection guaranteed by those amendments, and that even aliens shall not be held to answer for a capital or other infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.† Conclusion DACA recipients have been in the country since their first years of life. Many of them do not have any lively memory of their lives in their parents’ country. Many of them would be totally lost in a foreign and strange country if they would be deported from the United States. Affiliated-based and jurisdictional approaches are a proof that they have strong ties to this country and they should be treated as any other regular American citizen in a immigration trial. It is important to define a political agenda for those young people, and give them legal status.